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Table of Contents
Hiking
Backpacking
Cycle Touring
Weekend Getaways
Horseback Riding
Whale Watching
Bird Watching
Salmon Watching
Cave Exploring
River Rafting
Sea Kayaking
Canoeing
Appendix: Getting There
Ramblings
Seasons in the Sun
About the Author
The Critic's Voice
" Great book. Has a little bit of everything (places to hike, kayak, day tour, etc.), super informative and practical (conditions of camp sites, pubs to go to or avoid, etc.), and has awesome factoids about local flora/fauna and Aboriginal culture on the margins. Great for anyone interested in the BC outdoors! "
Frida Fantastic at goodreads.com
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Dentalia Shells
These thin, tubular mollusks formed the currency of commerce throughout the Pacific Northwest as long as 3000 years ago. Pre-European civilization is often considered a barter economy, with, for instance, coastal tribes swapping oolichan grease directly for prized Oregon obsidian. Commodity traders, however, could rely on this wampum to close a transaction when interest in the goods was decidedly one-sided. Called hykwa in Chinook jargon, dentalia shells possessed all the necessary attributes of money, being portable, recognizable and durable but rare and desirable enough to foster trade. Being available in a variety of sizes, the tusk-like shells were even divisible into small change. Professional traders are known to have tattooed measuring lines on their forearms as a handy calculator of individual shell values. Only a handful of groups, including the Nuu-chah-nulth in the vicinity of Tofino, possessed dentalia in quantities sufficient enough to make them wealthy. Harvesting the deep water mollusks was no easy undertaking however. From a dugout canoe a long, broom-like apparatus was thrust straight down into the muddy sea bottom then retrieved. With any luck a shell or two would be trapped amongst the stiff twigs at the end of the handle. Dentalia were also ostentatiously displayed as symbols of wealth and power in the form of body adornments. Perhaps most recognizable are the breast plates invariably worn by cheesy Hollywood Indians.
Illustration by Manami Kimura
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Backpacking
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These treks take over where the day hikes leave off. The Backpacking section of BC Car-Free details 9 major multi-day excursions with a number of variations. Included are three important coastal hikes along Vancouver Island's Pacific Rim and, for the first time in print anywhere, the entire Sunshine Coast Trail: all 175 km of it!
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1 Backpacking Checklist Brian Grover 7470
2 Garibaldi Park: Access Brian Grover 4623
3 Garibaldi Park: Garibaldi Lake Brian Grover 15190
4 Garibaldi Park: Black Tusk Brian Grover 6580
5 Garibaldi Park: Panorama Ridge Brian Grover 5830
6 Garibaldi Park: Singing Pass Loop Brian Grover 10216
7 Henrietta Lake Brian Grover 10780
8 Sunshine Coast Trail Brian Grover 7601
9 Sunshine Coast Trail Stage 1: Sarah Point to Malaspina Road Brian Grover 13318
10 Sunshine Coast Trail Stage 2: Malaspina Road to Powell Lake Brian Grover 6825
11 Sunshine Coast Trail Stage 3: Powell Lake to Fiddlehead Farm Brian Grover 7942
12 Sunshine Coast Trail-Stage 4: Fiddlehead Farm to Lois River Brian Grover 6433
13 Sunshine Coast Trail-Stage 5: Lois Dam to Saltery Bay Brian Grover 6086
14 Stein River Valley Brian Grover 6663
15 Stein River Valley-Stein Lower Canyon to Mid-Valley Brian Grover 12352
16 Nicomen Lake Brian Grover 8319
17 Juan De Fuca Marine Trail Brian Grover 13265
18 The West Coast Trail- Introduction Brian Grover 13895
19 The West Coast Trail- Day One Brian Grover 5818
20 The West Coast Trail-Day Two Brian Grover 5341
21 The West Coast Trail-Day Three Brian Grover 6543
22 The West Coast Trail-Day Four Brian Grover 4592
23 The West Coast Trail-Day Five Brian Grover 5987
24 The West Coast Trail- Day Six Brian Grover 4902
25 The Mid-Coast Trail Brian Grover 13972
26 Stein Valley Mini-Traverse Brian Grover 8748
 

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Copyright © 2007 Brian Grover. Content Distribution is Prohibited
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