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Hiking
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Cycle Touring
Weekend Getaways
Horseback Riding
Whale Watching
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Dentalia Shells
These thin, tubular mollusks formed the currency of commerce throughout the Pacific Northwest as long as 3000 years ago. Pre-European civilization is often considered a barter economy, with, for instance, coastal tribes swapping oolichan grease directly for prized Oregon obsidian. Commodity traders, however, could rely on this wampum to close a transaction when interest in the goods was decidedly one-sided. Called hykwa in Chinook jargon, dentalia shells possessed all the necessary attributes of money, being portable, recognizable and durable but rare and desirable enough to foster trade. Being available in a variety of sizes, the tusk-like shells were even divisible into small change. Professional traders are known to have tattooed measuring lines on their forearms as a handy calculator of individual shell values. Only a handful of groups, including the Nuu-chah-nulth in the vicinity of Tofino, possessed dentalia in quantities sufficient enough to make them wealthy. Harvesting the deep water mollusks was no easy undertaking however. From a dugout canoe a long, broom-like apparatus was thrust straight down into the muddy sea bottom then retrieved. With any luck a shell or two would be trapped amongst the stiff twigs at the end of the handle. Dentalia were also ostentatiously displayed as symbols of wealth and power in the form of body adornments. Perhaps most recognizable are the breast plates invariably worn by cheesy Hollywood Indians.
Illustration by Manami Kimura
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07
Feb
2007
argaiv1751
Buntzen Lake: Diez Vistas Trail E-mail
(10 - user rating)
Written by Brian Grover   
Access: Click for details on Getting to Buntzen Lake.
Level: Challenging
Distance: 7 km
Time: 6 hr
Elevation Change: 460 m
Season: April - November
Map: 92 G/7
Multiple-Use: Closed to Mountain Bikes and Horses

As the name suggests you'll encounter ten viewpoints as you follow this trail along the ridgeline from South Beach to North Beach. On a clear day you'll be rewarded with great views of Indian Arm, Burrard Inlet and Vancouver beyond.

Rainforest Ferns find hospitable habitat in the thick mossy growth of a maple tree.
Rainforest Ferns

The trail is a bit rough in some areas. Return to South Beach via the Powerhouse Road or the Buntzen Lake Trail. Be sure to check out the intake tunnel at North Beach that drops water from neighboring Coquitlam Lake into the Buntzen Reservoir.

bearpaw

 

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