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Puffballs
Apart from being edible—and delicious at that—dried spores were used as diaper rash "talcum powder" by the First Nations of BC. Spores were also found to staunch bloodflow when placed on a wound. At one time the brownish spores were used as a photographic flash powder. A large puffball can contain as many as 7500 billion spores. If each of these spores were to grow to maturity the next generation would form a fungus colony some 800 times the size of the earth.
Illustration by Manami Kimura
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28
Jan
2007
Hiking Checklist E-mail
(10 - user rating)
Written by Brian Grover   

More people get into trouble when day hiking than backpacking, kayaking or any other activity. People head out with the intention of doing a quick hike then returning to the city. They travel light but by doing so find themselves ill-equipped to handle emergency situations when they arise. When it comes to hiking it seems that a Visa card is the one thing that you can leave home without. The following is a list of essentials which no hiker should ever forget.


Checklist
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  • Flashlight with fresh batteries. Can be used as a signal at night as well as a source of light.
  • Whistle. A whistle can be used to contact rescuers or other hikers across a distant valley even in thick forest cover. Three whistle blasts or three of anything for that matter, including shotgun blasts, signal fires or logs in a triangular pattern, is an international distress signal.
  • Waterproof matches AND lighter. A lighter is useless when wet. Keep matches and lighter in a waterproof film container.
  • Firestarter or candle can be very helpful getting the fires started during inclement weather. Usually small, dry twigs can be found close to the trunk of small trees. Ostensibly rotten red cedar logs often contain dry, pitch impregnated wood just under the moss and decay. Use a pocketknife to shave thin strips of wood which can be used as firestarter.
  • Pocketknife. The uses are manifold.
  • A large orange plastic bag can be used as a waterproof sleeping bag and signal flag.
  • Water and food. A selection of granola bars, energy bars and the like will go a long way towards reducing the misery of a couple nights in the bush.
  • Extra clothes including a wool sweater, long pants but not jeans, waterproof shell with hood or hat. Wool stays warm when wet. Cotton including denim robs the body of heat when wet. Breathable fabrics like gortex are far superior to just a plastic or nylon windbreaker and are priced accordingly. Hypothermia is the enemy.
  • First aid kit and first aid course, not in that order.
  • Compass, topographical map and the skills to use them.
  • Common sense.

bearpaw

 

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