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Hiking
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Dentalia Shells
These thin, tubular mollusks formed the currency of commerce throughout the Pacific Northwest as long as 3000 years ago. Pre-European civilization is often considered a barter economy, with, for instance, coastal tribes swapping oolichan grease directly for prized Oregon obsidian. Commodity traders, however, could rely on this wampum to close a transaction when interest in the goods was decidedly one-sided. Called hykwa in Chinook jargon, dentalia shells possessed all the necessary attributes of money, being portable, recognizable and durable but rare and desirable enough to foster trade. Being available in a variety of sizes, the tusk-like shells were even divisible into small change. Professional traders are known to have tattooed measuring lines on their forearms as a handy calculator of individual shell values. Only a handful of groups, including the Nuu-chah-nulth in the vicinity of Tofino, possessed dentalia in quantities sufficient enough to make them wealthy. Harvesting the deep water mollusks was no easy undertaking however. From a dugout canoe a long, broom-like apparatus was thrust straight down into the muddy sea bottom then retrieved. With any luck a shell or two would be trapped amongst the stiff twigs at the end of the handle. Dentalia were also ostentatiously displayed as symbols of wealth and power in the form of body adornments. Perhaps most recognizable are the breast plates invariably worn by cheesy Hollywood Indians.
Illustration by Manami Kimura
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07
Feb
2007
argaiv1908
Shannon Falls E-mail
(5 - user rating)
Written by Brian Grover   
Route: Distance: Time: Level: Elev Change: Season:
Falls Bottom 2 km 45 min r/t Easy 75 m Year Round
Falls Top 4 km 1½ h r/t Moderate 385 m March to Nov
Access: See Getting to Whistler
Map: Squamish 92G/11

From the trailhead described above two additional routes lead to 335 metre-high Shannon Falls where tour bus after tour bus drops off its cargo of flash happy visitors. The first trail is just a single kilometre long and, after crossing Olesen Creek, leads to the bottom of the falls where most of the shutter bugs congregate. The second footpath also crosses the creek, just before the fork leading to the Stawamus Chief's first and second peaks. Continue climbing steeply to the top of the cascade 1½ km away. Very few of the bus-bound ever make it this far.

bearpaw

 

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