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Cattails
A veritable supermarket on a stick, cattails were once a source of sustenance as well as comfort to Pacific Northwest natives. Young shoots can be eaten as greens in the spring while young flower spikes can be roasted and eaten like cobs of corn. Young roots or rhizomes (underground stems) can be peeled and eaten as is—sashimi-style, hold the wasabi—or dried and pulverized into flour. Early settlers too discovered that cattail pollen could be harvested and added to bread or pancakes. Cattail down or fluff was collected in autumn for use as a wound dressing or for stuffing pillows and bedding. Cattail leaves found use in native basketry.
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09
Feb
2007
argaiv1960
Indian Arm E-mail
(8 - user rating)
Written by Brian Grover   
Level: Easy
Distance: 36 km
Time: 6 hr
Tide Table: Vancouver
Red Tide Administrative Unit: Area 28
Marine Chart: 3495
Warning: Heavy Traffic
Access: The #211 Seymour bus provides a direct connection between Burrard Station in Downtown Vancouver and Deep Cove where the paddling begins. Alternately the #210 Upper Lynn Valley and the #212 Deep Cove buses follow essentially the same route with a single transfer at Phibbs Exchange in North Vancouver. Visit TransLink for exact scheduling.

Protected waters and plenty of marine traffic make this local inlet an excellent place from which to embark on your maiden voyage. Indian Arm is the perfect place for a full day of exploring or, better yet, an easy overnighter. Rent your kayaks at Deep Cove Canoe & Kayak then, once you've balanced your supplies in the front and rear compartments, head north out of Deep Cove.

Weekend Warriors: A quickie lesson in how not to bivouac for the night. Live trees were cut to frame a lean-to and used for firewood. Of course they didn't burn. Garbage was left littering the campsite. Let's hope the mosquitos ate them alive. Indian Arm is in the background.
The antithesis of no trace camping.

While heavy marine traffic is handy in the event of an emergency, recreational boaters are the primary hazard in the inlet. Since no license is required to operate a motorboat in British Columbia the level of care taken by many boaters is appalling indeed. For this reason kayakers must make themselves especially visible by wearing bright clothing. Moreover it is wise to hug the shoreline and avoid allowing your group to become scattered. A tight group is much easier to see and avoid than a succession of single craft spread out all over the sea-lanes. Only cross the sea-lanes when it is absolutely necessary to do so and don't dawdle in the middle. For the sake of this excursion it is advised that you hug the western shore on the outbound leg and the eastern shore on the way back. Descriptions in this book, however, will address main features on either side as they appear.

As you head north you'll soon leave the beachfront homes of Deep Cove and Woodlands behind. On your right you'll notice Racoon Island then Twin Islands, which, taken together, make up the Indian Arm Provincial Marine Park. Camping is permitted on the Twin Islands though only a few rustic sites exist and water is limited to a small spring on the north island.

Continuing northwards you'll pass a number of small recreational communities. Interspersed between these small beaches are stretches of steep, rocky bluffs that dive straight down into the inlet, giving Indian Arm that typical fjord-like appearance found throughout the coast of British Columbia. In fact Indian Arm is the southernmost such inlet on the west coast of North America.

Some 8 km into the paddle you'll notice two old-fashioned looking concrete structures on the eastern shore. Built in 1903 and expanded in 1914 these power generating stations were Vancouver's first hydroelectric facilities. Drawing water from Buntzen Lake high on the bluffs above, these two small power plants still provide significant power to the city, together producing 76,700 kW. A service road from the second power facility to Buntzen Lake itself provides a pleasant half hour stroll and a chance to stretch the kayak cramps out of the legs.

From the power stations on you'll leave civilization largely behind. After 4 more kilometres attractive Silver Falls can be seen pouring off cliffs on the western shore. Watch for large spawning jellyfish in the water in front of the falls. A further 2½ km will bring you to Bishop's Creek Provincial Marine Park opposite Croker Island whose steep sides forbid landing or camping.

Adjacent to the north end of the island, on the eastern shore is spectacular Granite Falls a popular destination since the late 1800s when the Union Steamship Company began offering weekend excursions for curious Vancouver residents.

North of Granite Falls a short trail leads to a viewpoint with vistas of the head of the inlet and beyond. Note Wigwam Inn to the left of the Indian River estuary. Built in 1910 as a luxury resort for the international rich and spoiled, the Wigwam Inn is now an outport for the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club. Plan to visit the Spray of Pearl Falls a few minutes on foot by trail from the lodge. Camping sites can be found across the head of Indian Arm at deserted logging or mining sites. Though not the prettiest sites the price is certainly right and exploring the abandoned equipment will prove interesting. A word of warning however: wear thick-soled shoes to avoid cutting your feet on jagged metal and rusted cables left behind once the rape of the land was completed.

The Indian River estuary at high tide makes a great place for further explorations. If you thought to bring a hand line or crab trap you may want to try flounder, cod or crab for dinner. Be sure you have a valid Salt Water Fishing License. Avoid shellfish in Indian Arm as pollution and red tide tends to become concentrated in these filter feeders.

bearpaw

 

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