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Table of Contents
Hiking
Backpacking
Cycle Touring
Weekend Getaways
Horseback Riding
Whale Watching
Bird Watching
Salmon Watching
Cave Exploring
River Rafting
Sea Kayaking
Canoeing
Appendix: Getting There
Ramblings
Seasons in the Sun
About the Author
The Critic's Voice
" ...here is a wonderful collection of 94 outdoor adventures you can enjoy using public transportation. "
Common Ground Magazine: the Common Reader
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Dentalia Shells
These thin, tubular mollusks formed the currency of commerce throughout the Pacific Northwest as long as 3000 years ago. Pre-European civilization is often considered a barter economy, with, for instance, coastal tribes swapping oolichan grease directly for prized Oregon obsidian. Commodity traders, however, could rely on this wampum to close a transaction when interest in the goods was decidedly one-sided. Called hykwa in Chinook jargon, dentalia shells possessed all the necessary attributes of money, being portable, recognizable and durable but rare and desirable enough to foster trade. Being available in a variety of sizes, the tusk-like shells were even divisible into small change. Professional traders are known to have tattooed measuring lines on their forearms as a handy calculator of individual shell values. Only a handful of groups, including the Nuu-chah-nulth in the vicinity of Tofino, possessed dentalia in quantities sufficient enough to make them wealthy. Harvesting the deep water mollusks was no easy undertaking however. From a dugout canoe a long, broom-like apparatus was thrust straight down into the muddy sea bottom then retrieved. With any luck a shell or two would be trapped amongst the stiff twigs at the end of the handle. Dentalia were also ostentatiously displayed as symbols of wealth and power in the form of body adornments. Perhaps most recognizable are the breast plates invariably worn by cheesy Hollywood Indians.
Illustration by Manami Kimura
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Cycling
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Have Bike, Will Travel. Explore ten unique landscapes by bicycle on both sides of the border in the San Juan Islands and Gulf Islands. Peddled out? Many of these rural roads can be explored on foot as well.
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1 Cycle Touring Introduction Brian Grover 7181
2 Gabriola Island Brian Grover 38507
3 The Gulf Islands Galiano Island Brian Grover 20861
4 Galiano Island Hiking Trails - Bodega Ridge Brian Grover 8336
5 Galiano Island Hiking Trails - Bluffs Park Brian Grover 9535
6 Galiano Island Hiking Trails- Mount Galiano Brian Grover 22018
7 The Gulf Islands-Mayne Island Brian Grover 24482
8 The Gulf Islands- Pender Island Brian Grover 11233
9 The Gulf Islands - Saltspring Island Brian Grover 15633
10 The Gulf Islands-Saturna Island Brian Grover 27599
11 San Juan Islands - Introduction & Access Brian Grover 5957
12 San Juan Islands-Lopez Island Brian Grover 4716
13 San Juan Islands-Shaw Island Brian Grover 6361
14 San Juan Islands-Orcas Island Brian Grover 4911
15 San Juan Islands- San Juan Island Brian Grover 5036
 

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Copyright © 2007 Brian Grover. Content Distribution is Prohibited
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